Adverbs of frequency and their position Hakkında Bilgi
SIKLIK İFADE EDEN ZARFLAR VE CÜMLE İÇİNDE BULUNDUĞU YERLER
always, sometimes, generally, usually, ever, never, seldom, often, daily, etc
a. Mid position (before,the verb)
I always get up early. (1)
I sometimes have to get up early? (2)
I sometimes used to get up early? (3)
I dont always see a cobra. (4)
I havent ever seen a cobra. (5)
I sometimes dont have luch. (6)
I generally dont have lunch. (7)
I dont generally have luch. (8)
I must never have taken an aspirin. (9)
Do you always get up early? (10)
As seen in the examples above, adverbs of frequency are said before the verb (1) and before have to (2) and used to (3). Always (4) and ever (5) are used after not in negative sentences. Sometimes is used before not(6). Other adverbs of frequency can be said before(7) or after (8) the helping verb in negative statements. When there are two or more helping verbs in the sentence, it is said after the first one(9). In questionsi it is used before the main verb(10)
b. Adverbs of frequency are said after the verb ‘to be’ (am,are,is,was,were)
She is always respectful.
He was usually late for school.
c. Adverbs of frequency are said before the helping verb in short answers.
Do you ever go to the cinema?
Yes, I often do.
No, I seldom do.
2. Front position:
a. Adverbs of frequency are said at the beginning of a sentence for emphasis.
Always she is very jealous of her husband.
Seldom do I watch football matches on TV.
b. Adverbs of frequency are said at the beginning of commands.
Always be honest.
Never play on the road.
3. End position: Adverbs of definite frequency are normally said at the end of a sentence but they cant be said before the verb or at the beginning of a sentence.
newspapers are daily
some magazines weekly
rents are monthly
4. End or front position : Adverbs of frequency in a group are said at the beginning or at the end of a sentence.
He goes to the cinema every Sunday.
They eat three times a day.
Again and again he was examined.
Once a day you should take a spoonful of this syrup.
Exercise 1. Arrange these words to make meaningful sentences.
4 ever/have/seen/a fox/you?
5 punctual/is/Mr Yıldırım/I/always/like/he/respectful/and/as.
6 have to/sometimes/work/fireman/overtime.
7 careful/be/crossing/always/while/the road.
9 once/goes/to/the theatre/a week/he.
Exercise 2. Rewrite these sentences using never
1 He cant sim.
He never swims.
2 She doesnt smoke.
3 I dont sleep during the day.
4 A blind man doesnt see.
5 They dont take a break in the morning.
6 My father doesnt get up late.
7 We dont eat at a restaurant.
8 It doesnt snow here.
9 He doesnt follow the fashion.
10 My mother doesnt work overtime.
11 We dont play in the road.
12 They dont help the poor.
13 She doesnt make her dresses herself.
14 That farmer doesnt grow tobacco.
Exercise 3. Rewrite the following sentences using seldom.
1 She doesnt read a daily newspaper.
She seldom reads a daily newspaper.
2 Ekim doesnt drink.
3 They dont use spoon to eat.
4 I havent see you working.
5 He doesnt obey the rules.
6 The secretary doesnt come to the Office on time.
7 Fred doesnt g oto the disco.
8 They dont spend their summer holiday abroad.
9 My Brown doesnt exceed the speed limit.
10 My parents dont argue with each other.
11 We dont g oto bed late.
12 My father doesnt drink coke.
13 Our teacher doesnt shout at us.
14 My mother doesnt get angry with us.
15 My uncle doesnt stay at a luxurious hotel.
Exercise 4. Rewrite these sentences using rarely.
1 They dont g oto the cinema during the day.
They rarely g oto the cinema during the day.
2 I dont have such terrible dreams.
3 She doesnt listen to the radio while she is working.
4 He didint understand what he was told in English.
5 We dont g oto school by bus.
6 They dont work on Sunday.
7 We dont go hunting in the village.
8 The baby doesnt cry in its mothers absence.
9 Tim doesnt play card games.
10 Susan doesnt take a taxi to work.
11 Their parents dont go to the cinema.
12 My father doesnt come home late.
13 The mayor of our town doesnt give speeches to the press.
14 The Carters dont have foreign visitors.
15 Mrs Black doesnt have her hair done.